Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne University
Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
|Motto||Omnibus Sapientia, Unicuique Excellentia|
|Established||1971 - following the division of the University of Paris (founded: c. 1150)|
|Budget||€117 million (2009)|
|Colours||Blue, White, Gold|
|Affiliations||Chancellerie des Universités de Paris|
University of Paris 1 Pantheon-Sorbonne (French: Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne), also known as Paris 1 or Pantheon-Sorbonne University, is a social sciences and humanities public research university located in Paris, France.
It was created in 1971 from two faculties of the historical University of Paris – colloquially referred to as the Sorbonne – after the French May of 1968, which resulted in the division of one of the world's oldest academic institutions. It is the main inheritor of the Sorbonne in Economics – which did not have its own faculty –, since most of its professors in economics (35 out of 41) joined the faculty, with some professors of the faculty of letters and a few professors of law.
Pantheon-Sorbonne has three main domains: Economic and Management Sciences, Human Sciences, and Legal and Political Sciences; comprising several subjects such as: Economics, Law, Philosophy, Geography, Humanities, Cinema, Plastic arts, Art history, Political science, Mathematics, Management, and Social sciences.
The current name of the university refers to its two symbolic buildings: the Sorbonne and the Panthéon (Saint-Jacques part). Pantheon-Sorbonne's headquarters is located on the Place du Panthéon in the Latin Quarter, an area in the 5th and the 6th arrondissements of Paris. The university also occupies part of the historical Sorbonne campus. Overall, its campus includes over 25 buildings in Paris, such as the Centre Pierre Mendès France ("Tolbiac"), the Maison des Sciences Économiques, among others.
Pantheon-Sorbonne was globally ranked 287th (9th of France) in the 2021 QS World University Rankings and 601-800th (32nd of France) in the 2020 The Times Higher Education. It was also ranked by the 2019 QS Rankings by Subject as being 1st in France in Archaeology, History, Law, and Economics. In the French Eduniversal rankings, it is ranked 2nd of France in Economics and 2nd in Law.
The historic University of Paris (French: Université de Paris) first appeared in the second half of the 12th century, but was reorganised in 1970 as 13 autonomous universities after the student protests of the French May. Following months of conflict between students and authorities at the University of Paris at Nanterre, the administration shut down that university on 2 May 1968. Students of the University of Paris protested the closure and the threatened expulsion of several students at Nanterre on 3 May 1968. After the student protests of May and June 1968, thirteen universities succeeded to the University of Paris (nicknamed "the Sorbonne"), which ceased to exist.
While Paris-Sorbonne University and Sorbonne Nouvelle succeeded the faculty of humanities of the University of Paris, Panthéon-Assas University the faculty of law, and Pierre and Marie Curie University and Paris Descartes University the faculty of sciences, Panthéon-Sorbonne University was founded as an interdisciplinary university. Indeed, most of the law professors of the faculty of law and economics of the University of Paris wished only to restructure their faculty into a university. However, most of the faculty's economists and political scientists, whose disciplines were secondary in the Faculty of Law of Paris, wanted to join a multidisciplinary university they hurried ahead of their colleagues and established Paris I and were joined by professors of the faculty of human sciences and few professors of the faculty of law and economics. The name of the university show this interdisciplinarity: the Sorbonne building is the traditional seat of the Humanities studies in Paris (hence it is also used by Paris III and University Paris-Sorbonne), and the Panthéon building is, with the Assas building, the traditional seat of the law studies (hence it is also used by Panthéon-Assas University). The three official co-founders of the university were Henri Bartoli (Economy), Hélène Ahrweiler (Humanities) and François Luchaire (Law).
- Sorbonne building : Panthéon-Sorbonne occupies part of this historical seat, rebuilt at the end of the 19th century. It is shared with Paris III and Sorbonne University.
- Place du Panthéon Building (not to be confused with the actual Panthéon : Pantheon-Sorbonne occupies part of the historical seat of the Law Faculty of the University of Paris. It is shared with Panthéon-Assas.
- Institute of Geography : located in the Rue Saint-Jacques, it houses one of the oldest and richest collections of maps in France.
- Institute of Philosophy of Sciences and Techniques (IHPST) : located in the Rue du Four.
- Mahler Center : located in the 4th arrondissement, it houses an historical and legal studies institute.
- Saint-Charles Center : located in the 15th arrondissement. Founded in 1973, it houses the Art School and the School of Cinema.
- Pierre Mendès-France Center : commonly called Tolbiac, it is located in the 13th arrondissement. Founded in 1973, it is the main center of the University. Freshmen and Sophomores in Humanities are educated at Tolbiac.
- Tolbiac Center : a secondary building of the Mendès-France Center (which confusingly is also called Tolbiac).
- René Cassin Center : located in the 13th arrondissement. Founded in 1990, it houses the main part of Law School.
- Economical Studies Building : located in the 13th arrondissement. It houses the Economics Graduate School.
- Broca Center : Located in the 5th arrondissement. It houses the Business School.
- International Building : located in the Boulevard Arago, commonly called Arago. It houses the International Relations Institute.
- Michelet Center : an exotic Mesopotamian-style building in the 5th arrondissement, it houses the Art History and Archeology School.
- Fontenay Center : located in the suburban town of Fontenay-aux-Roses, in the old buildings of the École Normale Supérieure. It houses the School of Work Social Sciences.
The main buildings are the Centre Pierre Mendès France, the Centre René Cassin, the Centre Saint-Charles, the Centre Arago which houses the new International Relations Building; the research centers have been relocated, in particular in the Rue Malher and the Boulevard de l’Hôpital, where the Economics Building is currently located.
Organisation and administration
The Pantheon-Sorbonne University is organized in several departments (unités de formation et de recherche) and institutes.
- Art History and Archaeology
- Sorbonne School of Management
- Political Science
- Applied Mathematics and Computer Science
The Sorbonne Art School (École des arts de la Sorbonne) specializes in plastic arts. The school offers degrees from the Bachelor to the Doctorate level. The specialities are cinema, plastic arts, design, management of cultural projects or institutions, and aesthetics.
Panthéon-Sorbonne united in 2009 all legal studies in the university and gave that new department the name of École de droit de la Sorbonne ("Sorbonne Law School"). The school offers degrees from the Bachelor to the Doctorate level. The Sorbonne Law School holds since 1993 with Cornell University, the "Cornell Law School-Université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne Summer Institute of Comparative and International Law".
- Sorbonne Graduate Business School
- Institute for the Study of Economic and Social Development (IEDES)
- Paris Demography Institute (IDUP)
- Institute for Research and Advanced Studies in Tourism (IREST)
- Institute of Labour Studies (ISST)
- Institute of Philosophy of Sciences and Techniques (IHPST)
- Institute for War and Peace Studies
- Institute of Juridical and Philosophical Sciences (ISJPS)
It has published over 700 books since 1971 and publishes approximately 50 new titles a year.
Teaching and learning
Research programs exist in economics, management and applied mathematics; in law and politics; in philosophy and the arts; in history, art history and archaeology; in geography, demography and sociology, to name but some. The eleven hundred members of faculty, 200 researchers who are attached to major research institutions, mainly the CNRS (National Center for Scientific Research), and 150 technical and administrative staff are grouped in 68 research groups recognised by the CNRS and the Ministry of Education and Research.
Every year around 400 PhD theses are defended and 1,700 pre-PhD post-graduate degrees are awarded in 74 subjects divided between 15 graduate schools.
Documentary resource centers
In Economics, the library at the Centre Pierre Mendès France offers students free access to its large collection.
In Law, the Cujas Library, co-administered with Panthéon-Assas, with its computerized documentation service, provides access to over 500 data banks and is the largest law and economics library in France.
In Humanities, The Sorbonne library, a common library of Panthéon-Sorbonne University, Sorbonne-Nouvelle University, Sorbonne University, Paris Descartes University, and Paris Diderot University. It is administered by Panthéon-Sorbonne University as per a governing agreement signed among these universities in 2000. It has a collection of almost three million books, 100,000 of which are more than 200 years old, and 17,500 periodicals covering all the humanities. The library and map collection of the Geography Institute are the oldest such collection in France. In addition, the 400,000 volumes in the specialist libraries offer users one of the largest collections in France and Europe.
Panthéon-Sorbonne has signed over 150 conventions with foreign universities across five continents. These exchanges revolve around international networks such as Europaeum which bring together Oxford, London, Bologna, Bonn, Geneva, Helsinki, Leiden and Prague. The University of Paris I also heads a number of consortia which bring together French universities and professional organisations. The consortia are responsible for major international projects in Bucharest, Buenos Aires, Cairo, Istanbul (Galatasaray), and Moscow.
Every year some 130 academics from foreign universities come to teach and do research at the University of Paris I. Many researchers and members of faculty take part in major international research programs abroad; the University also hosts many annual international conferences. Six thousand international students, mainly from Europe, come to study as part of the SOCRATES or TEMPUS programmes. African students are joined by increasing numbers from Asia and America, and take part in specific programs organised in conjunction with universities across the world.
Dual and double degree programs
At Panthéon-Sorbonne, students can apply for admission to one of the dual degree or double degree programs designed in conjunction with partner universities in France and abroad. Double degree programs confer two degrees to students, whereas dual degrees confer a degree from the host university only.
In 2021, Pantheon-Sorbonne was globally ranked 287th (9th of France) by QS World University Rankings and 601-800th (32nd of France) by The Times Higher Education. It does not currently appear in the latest US News ranking of world universities. Regarding world reputation, it was ranked 91-100th in The Times Higher Education World Reputation Rankings of 2020.
By area or subject, it was ranked:
- In the 2020 QS World University Rankings
- Arts and Humanities: 32nd (1st in France)
- Archaeology: 16th (1st in France)
- Philosophy: 28th (2nd in France)
- History: 34th (1st in France)
- Classics & Ancient History: 13th (2nd in France)
- Geography: 33th (1st in France)
- Art & Design: 101st-150th (4th in France)
- Social Sciences: 54st (3rd in France)
- Law: 25th (1st in France)
- Development Studies: 28th (1st in France)
- Economics: 51st-100th (2nd in France, tied)
- Politics & International Studies: 51st-100th (2nd in France)
- Anthropology: 51st-100th (1st in France, tied)
- Accounting & Finance: 101st-150th (5th in France, tied)
- Business & Management studies: 101st-150th (7th in France, tied)
- Arts and Humanities: 32nd (1st in France)
- In the 2019 Times Higher Education:
- Arts and Humanities: 46th (3rd in France)
- Social Sciences: 251-300 (9th in France)
- Law: not ranked
Economics and business
In Economics, its undergraduate program is ranked second of the French universities by Eduniversal. Its masters programs are ranked 4th of the French Universities or academic institution by Eduniversal.
Panthéon-Sorbonne undergraduate law program is ranked four by Eduniversal. It was ranked in interdisciplinary fields also, as follows:
- Law: 2nd
- Law and Economics: 1st
- Law and English: 2nd
Panthéon-Sorbonne masters law programs are globally ranked second by Eduniversal, behind Panthéon-Assas University ones. On the 55 master's degree ranked in 6 specialties, 4 are from Panthéon-Sorbonne University from 3 specialties, i.e. second ex aequo with Paris Dauphine University and Aix-Marseille University but with higher rankings than these two universities. They were ranked as follow
- Social Law: 2nd and 3rd
- Digital Law : 3rd
- Tax law: 5th
No national ranking exists in Humanities.
The Tolbiac center of Paris 1, which hosts the undergraduate lectures in law, is regularly subject to blockades, which cause cancellation of all lectures up to several months, including in 1995, 1997, 2006, 2007–09, 2010 and 2018.
Attempts of automatic pass for students
Student unions regularly demand that the university grant student an automatic pass, in particular at each blockade or strike. In 2020, during the covid crisis, the committee at Paris I in charge of exams decided to grant that right (i.e. to cancel marks under 10), but some professors asked the courts to cancel this decision A first court validated the decision of the committee, but a second one cancelled its decision.
This list includes notable people affiliated with the Pantheon-Sorbonne University. For people affiliated with the University of Paris which ceased to exist in 1970, see List of University of Paris people.
- Michèle Alliot-Marie: State doctorate in political science, former director of the Faculty of Political Science, former Minister (Defense, Interior, Justice and Foreign Affairs) and former UMP MP in the National Assembly.
- Jeannette Bougrab, Associate Professor of Law
- Christian de Boissieu, Professor of Economics
- Jane Freedman, former Marie Curie Professor of Politics and International Relations
- Jean-Claude Colliard, director of the Department of Political Science
- Jean-Pierre Cot, Professor of international law
- Alpha Condé, professor emeritus of law, current President of President of Guinea
- Olga Kisseleva, Professor of Art, founder of Art & Science program of the Sorbonne
- Josepha Laroche, Professor of political science
- Louis Lévy-Garboua, Professor of Behavioral Economics
- Daniel Roche, historian
- Michel Serres, philosopher
- Nicolas Warembourg, Professor of Law
- Sergio de Mello: former UN High Commissioner for Human Rights
- Yves-Marie Adeline: PhD in Arts and art writer
- Samir Assaf: DEA Money Finance Bank, CEO of HSBC Global Banking & Markets
- Maurice Benayoun: PhD in Arts and Art Sciences, international artist, Professor at City University of Hong Kong.
- Christian de Boissieu: doctor in economics, professor and director of the Council of Economic Analysis
- Ali Bongo Ondimba: President of Gabon, the son of former President Omar Bongo and the Minister of Defence from 1999 to 2009.
- Jean-Louis Borloo: former minister, LLB
- Rosi Braidotti, contemporary philosopher and feminist theoretician, distinguished Professor in the Humanities at University of Utrecht
- Jorge Castañeda: Professor at New York University and former Foreign Minister of Mexico.
- Luc Chatel: Master of Science in Management, Master of Marketing, Secretary of State for Consumer Affairs and Tourism to the Minister of Economy, Finance and Employment and spokesman for the UMP, former Minister of National Education
- Alpha Condé: politician and current President of the Republic of Guinea.
- Régis Debray: ENS, Doctor of Philosophy
- Thierry Derez: CEO Covéa
- Harlem Désir: degree in philosophy, now MEP
- Hazem El Beblawi: Former Prime Minister of Egypt
- Myriam El Khomri: Masters in Political Sciences, former Minister of Labour
- Abdullah Ensour: Former Prime Minister of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
- Taieb Fassi Fihri: Moroccan Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation.
- Sylvie Faucheux, president of the University of Versailles-Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines.
- Laurence Ferrari: Master of political and social communication, journalist
- Olivia Fox Cabane: Author, business consultant and public speaker
- Jean Claude Gandur, former Chairman and CEO of Addax Petroleum
- Irakli Garibashvili: former Prime Minister of Georgia
- Théodore Holo: President of the High Court of Justice of Benin and former Minister
- Chantal Jouanno: Minister of Youth and Sports, control of economic and social administration
- Franck Julien, president of the TFN
- Giorgos Kaminis: Mayor of the capital of Greece (Athens) and Greek Ombudsman from April 2003 until September 2010.
- Olga Kisseleva: PhD in Arts and Art Sciences, international artist, Professor at the Sorbonne Art School.
- Fabrizio Marrella: PhD in International Law, Full Professor of International Law (Venice and Rome, Italy). Arbitrator and Counsel. Honorary Dean HRV of the European Inter-University Center for Human Rights.
- Ibrahim Hassane Mayaki: PhD in public law, politician, former Prime Minister of Niger
- Arnaud Montebourg: LLB, French Minister of Industrial Renewal
- André Mba Obame: former interior minister in Gabon, losing the presidential election in 2009
- Daniel Ona Ondo PhD in Economics, academic and politician Gabon
- Vincent Peillon: Bachelor, CAPES, aggregation and doctorate in philosophy. Former MEP, former member of the Somme and the current Minister of National Education.
- Yazid Sabeg: CS executive and communication systems, and Commissioner for Diversity and Equal Opportunities since 17 December 2008
- Maristela Salvatori: Award-winning Brazilian printmaker
- Manal Abdel Samad: Lebane politician and former Minister of Information
- Alexander Stubb: Former Prime Minister of Finland
- William Sweet: DEA in Political Sciences, philosopher, member of the Royal Society of Canada.
- Jean-Pierre Thiollet: Writer
- Jean-Marc Lofficier: Writer, publisher
- Manuel Valls: Degree in History. Mayor of Évry, Essonne and former Prime minister
- Laurent Wauquiez: Masters in History, former Minister of Higher Education and Research
- Alfredo Tjiurimo Hengari: PhD in Politics, Namibian Special Advisor (on Media) to President Hage Geingob.
- Miloš Jovanović: Serbian political scientist and a politician, president of the Democratic Party of Serbia.
- "Université Paris I". Ministère de l'Enseignement supérieur, de la Recherche et de l'Innovation.
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- "Les programmes de I à VII" (in French). 24 June 1970. Retrieved 9 February 2019.
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- "Pourquoi choisir l'université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne ?". formations.pantheonsorbonne.fr. 7 July 2020.
- "Histoire de l'université | Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne". www.pantheonsorbonne.fr.
- "Le Campus". Université Panthéon Sorbonne official website.
- "QS World University Rankings 2020". Top Universities. 1 February 2017.
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- "QS World University Rankings by Subject 2019". Top Universities.
- Navin Caleechurn. "Classement Eduniversal des meilleurs Licences, Bachelors et Grandes Écoles - Spécialité Droit".
- Herpin, Fanny. "Université Sorbonne Nouvelle - Paris 3 - Les origines de la Sorbonne Nouvelle". www.univ-paris3.fr.
- Conac, pp. 177-178
- Conac, pp. 177–178.
- Conac, p. 178.
- "Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne: L'Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne aujourd'hui". www.pantheonsorbonne.fr.
- Conac, p. 191.
- "UFR04: Le mot de la Direction". www.pantheonsorbonne.fr.
- "UFR04: Fiches diplômes". www.pantheonsorbonne.fr.
- Lagadic, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - Marc-Olivier. "EDS: Enseignements 2016-2017 Licence et Masters 1". www.pantheonsorbonne.fr.
- Lagadic, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - Marc-Olivier. "EDS: International relations". www.pantheonsorbonne.fr.
- "INPI – Service de recherche marques". bases-marques.inpi.fr.
- "Éditions de la Sorbonne - Presentation". www.editions-sorbonne.fr.
- "Official website" (in French). Official website of Bibliotheque Sorbonne.
- "QS World University Rankings 2018". Top Universities. 1 February 2017.
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- "Ranking". www.usnews.com. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
- "THE World Reputation Rankings 2020". Times Higher Education (THE).
- "Arts & humanities 2016 - Times Higher Education (THE)". Times Higher Education (THE).
- Navin Caleechurn. "Classement Eduniversal des meilleurs Licences, Bachelors et Grandes Écoles - Spécialité Economie".
- "France Best Masters Ranking in Economics". www.best-masters.com.
- "Business school and university ranking worldwide". eduniversal-ranking.com.
- Navin Caleechurn. "Classement Eduniversal des meilleurs Licences, Bachelors et Grandes Écoles - Spécialité Droit".
- Navin Caleechurn. "Classement SMBG des Meilleurs Masters, MS et MBA".
- Prisma Media (27 February 2015). "Droit, économie, gestion : les 20 meilleures universités en France". Capital.fr.
- Coronavirus : à Paris-I, la justice entérine la neutralisation des notes inférieures à 10
- Examens à Paris 1 : le tribunal demande à l’université d’annuler le "10 pour tous"
- Rosi Braidotti. Let.uu.nl. Retrieved 2012-11-24.
- "Jean Claude Gandur". Fg-art.org. Retrieved 6 November 2014.
- Conac, Gérard (2005). "La fondation de l'université Paris I : François Luchaire, pilote d'une transition institutionnelle". In Bougrab, Jeannette; Maus, Didier (eds.). François Luchaire, un républicain au service de la République (in French). Publications de la Sorbonne. ISBN 978-2859445157.